Increased Involvement of the Security Services in Civilian Affairs Following the 1 August, 2018 shooting of civilians which led to the death of at least 6 civilians and the violence that characterised the aftermath of the #shutdown protests which also led to the death of at least 17 civilians and left hundreds more injured, the NTJWG notes with concern the increased involvement of the security forces in civilian affairs. Under the provisions of section 208 (d) of the Constitution among many other things, ‘neither the security forces nor any of their members may, in the exercise of their functions, violate the fundamental rights or freedoms of any person.’ This comes at a time when Zimbabwe is trying to re-engage the international community and one of the reforms that has been set as a pre-condition for reengagement is the respect, promotion and protection of fundamental human rights which as a country we have not shown. Fu r t h e r m o r e , w e n o t e t h a t t h e deployment of the military in January 2019 did not follow the required Constitutional process for such deployment. As laid down in section 214 (Political accountability for deployment of Defence Forces), and noting Section 213 (Deployment of Defence Forces), we are concerned that parliament was not promptly and in appropriate detail, and that this does not create an impression of a desire by the government to adhere strongly to constitutionalism. Implementation of the Recommendations of the Montlanthe Commission As a country, Zimbabwe should be seen making efforts to curb impunity and break the cycle of a legacy of violence. The NTJWG also calls on the government to fully implement the recommendations of the Commission of Inquiry report and also hold to account the people who murdered civilians on August, 2018 in Harare. The NTJWG implores the government to ensure that the security forces, but in particular the army, to remain in the barracks and allow the police to exercise their duties as provided for in the Constitution. This way, there will not be a recurrence of incidences such as the ones that occurred on 1 August, 2018 and in the aftermath of the #shutdown protests. The Government is encouraged to initiate the process of security sector reform to ensure that the security services operate within the confines of the law according to the principles outlined in the Constitution with greater attention to the respect for human rights. The Government should quickly establish a National Reparations Fund specifically for victims of human rights violations as a permanent Fund to cater for the victims of August 1 shootings and all the other victims whom the Government has refused to compensate over the years. Even though on 13 April, 2019 the Sunday Mail reported that ‘compensation for August 1 victims commences,’ the process must be 2 EXECUTIVE BRIEFING: JANUARY - MARCH 2019

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