three day stay away from the 14th to the 16th of January 2019. A number of people reported for duty but due to threats communicated through social media platforms, most businesses shut down and people were forced to go back home. Schools called upon parents to collect their children. The environment became tense when some residents in various townships barricaded roads using boulders, rocks and ram-shackled vehicles. Tyres were burnt all over the roads as a way of stopping vehicles from patrolling and commuter omnibuses from ferrying residents to and from town. Reports were received that disgruntled citizens and riotous people went on a rampage and destroyed shops, service stations, police stations, a tollgate near Harare, among others. These acts resulted in the deployment of police by the Zimbabwe Republic Police and military officers by the Zimbabwe National Army. It is alleged that from the evening of Monday, 14 January 2019, the army and the police started a crackdown in suburbs, hunting down citizens (mostly men) whom they alleged to have caused mayhem on that Monday. Some media reports pointed out that several people had been brutalised by the army resulting in injuries, loss of limb and life. This prompted the ZHRC to conduct a monitoring exercise of the human rights situation in the suburbs from the 17th to the 25th of January 2019 as per its mandate to promote, protect and monitor human rights. 2. Methodology In carrying out the mission, the ZHRC made use of a hybrid of methodologies to gather information for the generation of practical and informed recommendations. The interaction between the ZHRC, persons affected, their witnesses and the general public was participatory. 2.1 Desk Research: The ZHRC conducted a desk research on national, regional and international instruments that guide in control and management of such situations. Page 2 of 68

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